Many people don’t give their scalp much attention because it is one part of the body that is exposed yet least seen because it is covered with hair. However, without much attention, you could develop scalp problems that could be itchy, uncomfortable, irritating and sometimes embarrassing. I am talking based on my past experience because I have encountered some of these problems including dandruff and developing nodular acne in my scalp which is a real pain.
If you have some of these common scalp problems, it would be good to know what their remedies are:
Acne does not only occur on the face but it can also occur on other parts of the body including in the scalp. But scalp acne can be more challenging to treat especially if you have long hair which can get in the way. Although it has the advantage of being less noticeable, acne in the scalp can be really painful and irritating especially when you are grooming your hair. You can treat this type of acne by using acne medication which is applicable for the face with the exception of products containing benzoyl peroxide as they can bleach your skin. One good option is salicylic acid which you could apply using a cotton ball.
Although not painful, dandruff can be itchy and an embarrassing problem especially when it falls off in your dark clothing. Dandruff is caused by shedding excess dead skin flakes and it can be easily managed by frequent shampooing using antidandruff shampoo or medical shampoo. You may have to try different shampoos before you can finally find one that works best for you.
Folliculitis is tiny pus-filled pimples found at the base of the hair that are normally caused by staphylococcus bacteria. Just like acne, it may appear in different parts of your body including the scalp. Folliculitis in the scalp may also be caused by plucking or shaving the hair aside from bacterial infection. Some people also develop folliculitis after bathing in a hot tub. Mild cases of folliculitis easily go away without treatment but more severe cases may need an antibiotic to clear it up.
Although it is more often found in the scalp, psoriasis can also affect other parts of the body such as the elbows and knees. This condition is characterized by excessive production of new skin cells, causing the excess cells to form thick and crusted scales. This condition can be uncomfortable because you may feel soreness or itchiness in your scalp. This condition can be treated by using special shampoos that contain salicylic acid or tar. Your doctor may also recommend using steroid ointments or cream. And in really severe cases, ultraviolet light therapy or injected medication may be recommended.
No one knows what really causes lichen planus, but it is a condition that can affect anyone. It is a condition wherein the mouth or the skin forms a flat-topped reddish or purple bump which can be very itchy. If it affects the scalp, it can lead to irritation or redness of the scalp as well as permanent hair loss. Most cases of lichen planus simply go away untreated but for faster treatment, you may be recommended to take steroid medication which may be topically applied or injected. Retinoid medication for acne could also be an effective cure.
All of these scalp problems are not life-threatening but they still deserve your attention to avoid suffering from unnecessary discomfort, pain and itchiness.